Cancers of the uterus can originate from either the uterine lining or the uterine muscle. Cancers of the uterine lining are called endometrial cancer, and are the most common gynecologic cancer. Endometrial cancers run in families in about 10% of cases. In many cases, endometrial cancer is associated with obesity. Other risk factors for endometrial cancer include long-term exposure to estrogen. Endometrial cancer is generally caught early because it leads to abnormal bleeding. ANY bleeding after the menopause should be evaluated immediately by your doctor. A biopsy is required to diagnose endometrial cancer. Endometrial cancer is treated with surgery including a total hysterectomy, removal of the ovaries and tubes, and removal of surrounding lymph nodes. In a small number of cases, radiation and/or chemotherapy is also needed to treat endometrial cancer. Robotic surgery is by far the greatest medical advance for treating endometrial cancer, resulting in a much shorter recovery and fewer complications than more old-fashioned approaches.
Cancers of the uterine muscle are called uterine sarcomas, and tend to be much more aggressive than endometrial cancer. Uterine sarcomas can also cause abnormal bleeding. Uterine sarcomas can also cause uterine enlargement and pelvic pain. For this reason, uterine sarcomas are frequently mistaken for uterine fibroids, a much more common benign gynecologic condition.
At Nevada Surgery and Cancer Care, we established the first robotics program in gynecologic oncology in the state. Our extensive experience in minimally invasive surgery means extends to the treatment of uterine cancer, either endometrial cancer or uterine sarcoma.