Cervical cancer is the most common cancer affecting young women around the world. In the United States, cervical cancer is much less common due to the widespread adoption of the PAP smear. Cervical cancer is caused by a virus known as the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). Smoking is also a significant risk factor for cervical cancer. The majority of women who get cervical cancer have not had a pap smear in several years. If you are experiencing abnormal bleeding (especially after intercourse), it is best to see your doctor for evaluation. When cervical cancer is identified, you should consult a specialist who is fellowship-trained in gynecologic oncology. There are two primary ways to treat cervical cancer. Surgery or radiation are equally effective when cervical cancer is diagnosed at an early stage. Most women opt for surgery due to fewer long-term side effects. For more advanced cases of cervical cancer, radiation and chemotherapy are typically prescribed. The operation for early stage cervical cancer is called a radical hysterectomy, and is very different than a typical hysterectomy performed for non-cancerous conditions. At Nevada Surgery and Cancer Care, we perform this extensive cancer procedure robotically, so even women with this complex problem can enjoy the benefits of minimally invasive surgery.